From Network Security Wiki

System Requirements

  • For this cluster setup you will need the following VM or Hardware Requirements:
3x CentOS 7.5 VMs or Hosts
8 vCPUs
12-16 GB RAM
80 GB HDD space (custom partition — 8GB swap, 1GB /boot, rest for / partition)
1 NIC interface with static address and gateway configured


Perform these steps on all 3 hosts
  • Install the following pre-requirements:
yum -y install yum yum-utils wget git net-tools bind-utils iptables-services bridge-utils NetworkManager
yum -y install ansible pyOpenSSL python python-yaml python-dbus python-cryptography python-lxml docker tesseract nano
yum -y update
  • Latest Ansible Version:
yum install epel-release
yum install ansible
  • Setup Docker pre-requirements:
systemctl enable docker
systemctl start docker
  • Add the IP address, hostname and FQDN of each node to /etc/hosts for each host  opshmaster Openshift01  opshnode1 Openshift02  opshnode2 Openshift03
  • Run ssh-keygen, accept the default location of the key and do not set a password for the key.
  • Run the following bash script:
for host in Openshift01 \
   Openshift02 \
   Openshift03; \
   do ssh-copy-id -i ~/.ssh/ $host; \
  • Restart all 3 hosts


Openshift 3.9

  • Version Details
Ansible 2.6.1
Python 2.7.5
OpenShift 3.9
CentOS 7.5.1804

  • Create ansible hosts file
nano /etc/ansible/hosts
# Create an OSEv3 group that contains the masters and nodes groups

# Set variables common for all OSEv3 hosts
openshift_master_identity_providers=[{'name': 'htpasswd_auth', 'login': 'true', 'challenge': 'true', 'kind': 'HTPasswdPasswordIdentityProvider', 'filename': '/etc/origin/master/htpasswd'}]
#openshift_master_identity_providers=[{'name': 'htpasswd_auth', 'login': 'true', 'challenge': 'true', 'kind': 'HTPasswdPasswordIdentityProvider'}]

# host group for masters
Openshift01 openshift_hostname=Openshift01 openshift_public_hostname=Openshift01


# host group for nodes, includes region info
Openshift01 openshift_node_labels="{'region': 'infra', 'zone': 'default'}" openshift_hostname=Openshift01 openshift_public_hostname=Openshift01
Openshift02  openshift_node_labels="{'region': 'primary', 'zone': 'east'}" openshift_hostname=Openshift02 openshift_public_hostname=Openshift02
Openshift03  openshift_node_labels="{'region': 'primary', 'zone': 'west'}" openshift_hostname=Openshift03 openshift_public_hostname=Openshift03
  • If parsing of this file fails, change the Quotes & Double Quotes symbols.

  • Download the Files:
git clone --single-branch -b release-3.9
  • Install Prerequisites:
ansible-playbook -i /etc/ansible/hosts openshift-ansible/playbooks/prerequisites.yml
  • Install OpenShift:
ansible-playbook -i /etc/ansible/hosts openshift-ansible/playbooks/deploy_cluster.yml

Openshift 3.10


  • Version Details
Ansible 2.7.4
Python 2.7.5
OpenShift 3.10
CentOS 7.6.1810
  • Install Packages
yum -y install centos-release-openshift-origin310 epel-release docker git pyOpenSSL 
yum -y install openshift-ansible
  • Fix python-docker package issue:
nano /usr/share/ansible/openshift-ansible/playbooks/init/base_packages.yml

Changing the line:

"{{ 'python3-docker' if ansible_distribution == 'Fedora' else 'python-docker' }}"


"{{ 'python3-docker' if ansible_distribution == 'Fedora' else 'python-docker-py' }}"

Create Ansible Hosts file:

sudo vi /etc/ansible/hosts 

# admin user created in previous section

# use HTPasswd for authentication
openshift_master_identity_providers=[{'name': 'htpasswd_auth', 'login': 'true', 'challenge': 'true', 'kind': 'HTPasswdPasswordIdentityProvider'}]
# define default sub-domain for Master node
# allow unencrypted connection within cluster

Openshift01 openshift_schedulable=true containerized=false


# defined values for [openshift_node_group_name] in the file below
# [/usr/share/ansible/openshift-ansible/roles/openshift_facts/defaults/main.yml]
Openshift01 openshift_node_group_name='node-config-master-infra'
Openshift02 openshift_node_group_name='node-config-compute'
Openshift03 openshift_node_group_name='node-config-compute'

# if you'd like to separate Master node feature and Infra node feature, set like follows
# openshift_node_group_name='node-config-master'
# Openshift02 openshift_node_group_name='node-config-compute'
# Openshift03 openshift_node_group_name='node-config-infra'

Install Prerequisites:

ansible-playbook /usr/share/ansible/openshift-ansible/playbooks/prerequisites.yml 

Instal Openshift:

ansible-playbook /usr/share/ansible/openshift-ansible/playbooks/deploy_cluster.yml

  • You should see similar output once done:
PLAY RECAP *****************************************************************************************************
Openshift01                : ok=619  changed=251  unreachable=0    failed=0   
Openshift02                : ok=134  changed=53   unreachable=0    failed=0   
Openshift03                : ok=134  changed=53   unreachable=0    failed=0   
localhost                  : ok=12   changed=0    unreachable=0    failed=0   

INSTALLER STATUS ***********************************************************************************************
Initialization             : Complete (0:00:48)
Health Check               : Complete (0:01:23)
etcd Install               : Complete (0:01:37)
Master Install             : Complete (0:05:13)
Master Additional Install  : Complete (0:00:49)
Node Install               : Complete (0:07:34)
Hosted Install             : Complete (0:03:42)
Web Console Install        : Complete (0:01:04)
Service Catalog Install    : Complete (0:07:04)


        The Authentication is failing in below procedure, need to troubleshoot
  • For initial installation, simply use htpasswd for simple authentication.
  • Seed it with a couple of sample users to allow us to login to the OpenShift Console and validate the installation:
htpasswd -c /etc/origin/htpasswd admin
  • Set cluster-role rights to admin user have access all projects in the cluster:
oc adm policy add-cluster-role-to-user cluster-admin admin
  • WebUI should be available at:


  • On Master:
oc status
oc get all
oc get nodes
NAME          STATUS    ROLES     AGE       VERSION
openshift01   Ready     master    18m       v1.9.1+a0ce1bc657
openshift02   Ready     compute   18m       v1.9.1+a0ce1bc657
openshift03   Ready     compute   18m       v1.9.1+a0ce1bc657
oc get pods
NAME                       READY     STATUS    RESTARTS   AGE
docker-registry-1-m8hgb    1/1       Running   0          13m
registry-console-1-zxpqh   1/1       Running   0          9m
router-1-vwl99             1/1       Running   0          13m

oc get -o wide pods
NAME                       READY     STATUS    RESTARTS   AGE       IP            NODE
avise-defaultgroup-8b77n   1/1       Running   0          12h   openshift01
avise-defaultgroup-bk48l   1/1       Running   0          12h   openshift03
avise-defaultgroup-r8hfx   1/1       Running   0          12h   openshift02
avitest-1-7ftb8            1/1       Running   2          18h   openshift03
avitest-1-fc9pv            1/1       Running   2          18h   openshift02
docker-registry-1-m8hgb    1/1       Running   2          40d   openshift01
registry-console-1-zxpqh   1/1       Running   2          40d   openshift02
router-1-vwl99             1/1       Running   2          40d   openshift01



oc adm diagnostics

Firewall Rules

iptables -L


ansible-playbook -i /etc/ansible/hosts /usr/share/ansible/openshift-ansible/playbooks/adhoc/uninstall.yml

Disable Kube-Proxy


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